An Apologetic Outline on Islam
outline from an apologetics DVD by Charlie H. Campbell
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Charlie H. Campbell is an
itinerant apologist, ordained pastor in the Calvary Chapel churches and
founder of Always Be Ready, an evangelical Christian
apologetics ministry based in Carlsbad, CA. ARB's purpose is to defend
and promote the biblical Christian faith against challenges from other
religions, cults, secular philosophies and false teachers within
Christianity. The below outline is from the DVD "Islam", a lecture
Campbell gave at Calvary Chapel South Bay in Gardena, CA in 2007. The
DVD is available for purchase from the ARB website.
I. The Origin
and Founder of Islam
- The word Islam is an Arabic word meaning "to submit, surrender or commit oneself."
- Followers of Islam, regardless of race or
nationality, are called Muslims, "the ones who submit."
- Muhammad, the founder of Islam, was born in
570 AD in Mecca, which is in modern-day Saudi Arabia.
- In 610 AD, Muhammad is visited by the angel
Gabriel on Mt. Hira in Mecca, who reveals the words of the Qur'an
(sometimes spelled "Koran").
- In 620 AD he is taken by Gabriel to Jerusalem
to talk with Jesus, Moses and Abraham and is taken to heaven for one
night. The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem is believed to sit directly
over the spot where Muhammad was taken into heaven.
- In Mecca, because of its monotheism, Islam is
- 622 AD: Muhammad flees 250 miles from Mecca
- 630 AD: Muhammad and an army of 10,000 return
and conquer Mecca.
- He purges the Ka'bah (holy place) or all
idols and dedicates it to Allah.
- Muslims are required to face the Ka'bah five
times a day to pray.
- 632 AD: Muhammad dies in Medina where his
tomb is located.
- Disagreements on who was to succeed Muhammad
caused a division
- Sunnis believe the successors to Muhammad
were to be elected democratically from among Muhammad's closest
followers. (85-90% of all Muslims)
- Shi'ites believe that Muhammad's successors
were to be related to Muhammad. (10-13% of all Muslims)
- Wahhabi are the ultra-conservative,
legalistic, and often terrorism-friendly group (e.g. Osama bin Laden)
- Al-Qaeda is a separate political group
whose stated goal is to set up Sharia law and establish Islam over all
the world. It may cross all other Islamic sects and groups.
- Within the first century of Muhammad's death
Muslim armies spread into Central Asia, China, North Africa and to the
shores of the Atlantic Ocean into Southern France and Spain.
- In 732 AD, Charles Martel, ruler of the
Franks, stops the spread of Islam into Europe at the Battle of Tours in
- An undeniable fact: violence is part of Islam
- Historically Islam was spread by the sword.
- In Saudi Arabia, Iran, Sudan, Pakistan,
Mauritania, Yemen and Qatar, Islamic law threatens death for any Muslim
who would convert to another religion.
- Muhammad said "if anybody disregards his
religion, kill him."
- Of people of other faiths who seek to
evangelize, Muslim law requires the following punishments: "execution,
or crucifixion, of the cutting off of hands, and feet from opposite
sides, or exile from the land" (Sura 5:33).
Beliefs and Practices
- Major differences with Christianity
- Allah is not triune in nature; Allah has no
- Allah does not love sinners. In Islam there
is no fatherly concept of God. He is seen by most Muslims as a remote
judge who is not personally involved with mankind.
- Islam is not about fellowship with God but
service, submission and allegiance to God.
- Jesus is only one of many prophets. The last
and greatest of prophets is Muhammad.
- The Qur'an is supreme because the Bible has
- Evidence the Bible has not been corrupted
- 24,000 manuscript copies of the New
Testament, and hundreds of copies of the Old Testament, which verify
that the Bible today is the same as that used 2,000 years ago.
- There are enough quotations from the early
Church Fathers to reconstruct 99.86% ofthe New Testament.
III. The Qur'an:
Could the Qur'an be the Word of God?
- Five reasons to reject:
- Contradicts Scripture as it teaches salvation
by works: “Then those whose balance of good deeds is heavy, they will attain salvation: "But those whose balance is
light, will be those who have lost their souls, in Hell will they
abide” (Sura 23:102-103).
- Gospel means "good news", having to work
for your salvation is not good news
- Contradicts known facts of science
- Contradicts history; it denies the
crucifixion of Christ
- Has many internal inconsistencies
- No particular reason to believe it is inspired
IV. Sharing the
Truth in Love with Muslims
- Genuinely befriend and love them: "If I speak
in the tongues of men or of angels, but do not have love, I am only a
resounding gong or a clanging cymbal" (1 Corinthians 13:1, NIV)
- Be prepared to defend the trustworthiness of
- Muslims distrust the reliability of the Bible
- Respect gender distinctions
- Muslims see cross-gender communication to be
- Be patient: "A servant of the Lord must not
quarrel but must be kind to everyone, be able to teach, and be patient
with difficult people. Gently instruct those who oppose the truth.
Perhaps God will change those people’s hearts, and they will learn the
truth." (2 Timothy 2:24-25, NIV)
- Muslims do not respond to confrontational
- Apostasy for Muslims is a death sentence.
They will not make a decision quickly.
- Focus on important issues, NOT politics.
- Where will you spend eternity?
- How can a person be saved from his sins?
- Who is Jesus?
- Can the Bible be trusted?
- DO NOT bring up the Qur'an's teaching of violence.
- Be candid about the sins of supposed Christians.
- Emphasize the love of God and the intimacy that
believers can have with God as their Father.
- Many Muslims live with a sense of fear regarding their salvation and the future.
- Muslims have no
assurance of their salvation (paradise only through
- Emphasize that their sins can be totally
forgiven, through faith in Jesus and His gracious work on the cross.
- Give them a copy of the Bible and pray for them.
- Many have not read the Bible and actually
will be happy to receive a copy.
- Encourage them to read one of the Gospels.
- God's word is ALIVE and POWERFUL; it has
opened the minds of many Muslims.
- Prayerfully consider supporting a Christian
ministry that is working to further the Gospel in the Muslim countries.